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Out of Storm and Peril: Rental Housing Safety in Vermont

“Out of storm and manifold perils rose an enduring state, the home of freedom and unity.”

These words are the epitaph printed on the gravestone of the first Governor of Vermont, Thomas Chittenden. The phrase serves as an acknowledgement of the determination and resolve that motivated the first Vermonters during the formative years of our state. Time and again this commitment to leave no Vermonter behind has been recognized and celebrated as a defining characteristic of our state. It is that same spirit that continues to drive Vermonters today, and inspires our commitment to legislation that addresses rental housing safety. Too many Vermonters are being left behind.

As the keepers of the fifth oldest housing stock in the nation, almost 30 percent of Vermont housing was built before 1939, causing many of our neighbors to live in substandard, unsafe, and unhealthy housing. The lack of housing from which we suffer is self-evident to anyone who has looked for a home, but more than that, we lack safe, affordable housing. Part of the solution to the more basic challenges we face could be found in the Rental Housing Safety Bill (S.79), which passed the House and Senate this year, but was vetoed by the Governor. 

Currently the duty of inspecting rental housing is the responsibility of Town Health Officers in each municipality. Often volunteer positions, and usually under-resourced, these positions have a high turnover rate and often lack the authority needed to adequately respond to problems that are found during inspections. A Rental Housing Safety Bill would transition this responsibility to the Department of Fire Safety, allowing for a consistent and specialized inspection program more adequately empowered to address the threats to safety and habitability that are discovered in too many homes.

St. Johnsbury’s acting fire chief also serves as the THO in addition to his roles of fire warden and EMT director. “The state says we have to have a Town Health Officer, but doesn’t provide funding for it so it gets added to the Fire Chief’s job,” explained Chief Christopher Olsen. “I’m coming out of some of the buildings in tears – I don’t understand how people can live in conditions like this,” Olsen said recently while describing rodent and pest infestations, sewage leaks, and dilapidated and poorly-cared for rental properties. “S. 79 would have made a big difference – it would give us the teeth that we need for enforcement.”

If the town’s Fire Chief needs more “teeth” a volunteer is certainly going to be equally under supported. One such example is a volunteer Town Health Officer who is a nurse by profession. When she recently responded to a tenant’s call she found mold in the person’s home. The situation was so bad that she wanted to issue a health order, but town officials said she was overstepping her bounds. 

There is also currently no way to efficiently and effectively communicate information to property owners about the millions of dollars available for housing supports, a problem that has been most demonstrable during times of crisis such as Tropical Storm Irene, or the COVID 19 pandemic. We don’t need a major disaster to find the value in a resource like the registry, we can simply look to the woman who lives in Orleans County with her teenage daughters. Her out of state landlord with multiple properties in town is difficult to communicate with. Habitability problems like out of code wiring, faulty smoke detectors, pests, holes in the ceiling, and several instances of heat and hot water being terminated without warning led to calls to the local Town Health Office. The Officer was unable to respond because he can’t get access to the building, or reach the landlord in a timely fashion. The weight of a State Official, and access to a database of property owner information would be a game changer for situations like this.  

We are all thankful for the relief that was provided through the Vermont Housing Investment Program (VHIP) funding which will invest $5 Million to upgrade substandard housing in the state. This will be an important resource to begin to address the needs posed by an estimated 11,000 substandard and/or vacant units across Vermont, but we remain with a looming and obvious problem: we need rental housing safety legislation. 

Governor Scott has been a true champion for the cause of increasing access to safe affordable housing for all Vermonters, and it is precisely that support that drives us to be so hopeful that something can be done to advance such legislation into law. Without legislation that addresses these issues in rental housing safety, many Vermonters are being left behind and the “storm and manifold perils” that drown them rise right within the walls in which they live. 

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